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BadKiwi.co.nz - The Kiwi Guide to Computers.
KiwiPlanet New Zealand
The Kiwi guide to using your computer. Learn how to get the best from your computer. Computers shouldn't make people feel like idiots. Here you will find useful guides and articles as well as programs designed to help you use your computer better. The best programs for your computer. How to protect yourself online. How to protect your computer from threats.
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Protection against Computer Viruses and Other Threats
STAYING SAFE ONLINE
Netsafe has created the Staying Safe Online guide for tips and how-to guides for social media, online shopping, safe search and more.

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COMMON LOTTERY AND FEE SCAMS..
Get-rich-quick schemes: These offer opportunities to earn thousands of dollars a week, but your earnings may be dependent on selling the scheme to others.

Nigerian fee scam: This long-running scam offers people a percentage of millions of dollars in exchange for an up-front fee. The Nigerian letter has many variations, and despite its name can come from anywhere in the world.

Prize notifications: A person is informed of a prize win in a lottery, but to release the money, the victim is asked to pay a fee.

Phishing: Phishing attacks use ''spoof'' emails and fraudulent websites designed to fool recipients into divulging personal financial data such as credit card numbers, social security numbers, bank and other account usernames and passwords.

KiwiPlanet New Zealand What is a Computer Virus.
A computer virus is a program or piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and runs against your wishes. Viruses can also replicate themselves. All computer viruses are man-made. A simple virus that can make a copy of itself over and over again is relatively easy to produce.Even such a simple virus is dangerous because it will quickly use all available memory and bring the system to a halt. An even more dangerous type of virus is one capable of transmitting itself across networks and bypassing security systems.
KiwiPlanet New Zealand What is Malware.
Malware is an abbreviated term meaning “malicious software.” This is software that is specifically designed to gain access or damage a computer without the knowledge of the owner. Malware creation is on the rise due to the lure of money that can be made through organized internet crime. Malware was originally created as experiments and pranks, but eventually led to vandalism and destruction of targeted machines. Today, much of malware is created for profit through forced advertising (adware), stealing sensitive information (spyware), spreading email spam or child pornography (zombie computers), or to extort money (ransomware).
KiwiPlanet New Zealand What is Spyware.
Spyware is a type of malware that is installed on a computer without the knowledge of the owner in order to collect the owner’s private information such as internet interaction, passwords, and other data. Spyware can also redirect web searches, change computer settings, and more. Spyware can also be used as a type of adware, where the software delivers unsolicited pop-up ads in addition to tracking user behavior. Typically, spyware is installed when a user installs a piece of free software that they actually wanted.
How to Protect Yourself from a Computer Virus and Other Threats.
1. Keep your software up to date.
Software makers like Microsoft and Oracle routinely update their software to fix bugs that could potentially be exploited by hackers
2. Don’t click on links within emails
A good rule of thumb is if you don’t recognize a sender of an email, don’t click on any links within it. Microsoft says 44.8 percent of virus infections happen because the computer user clicked on something.
3. Use free antivirus software
You don’t have to pay for software to protect your computer or for an annual subscription to maintain the latest virus protection. For Windows users, Microsoft Security Essentials is free.
4. Back up your computer
Do you regularly back up the information on your computer? If you don’t you have no protection from calamites ranging from hard drive failure to your house burning down. If you value your data, back it up. You have three basic backup options: an external hard drive, online backup service, or cloud storage. Use a service like Google Drive, and your files will be continually backed up to the cloud. And the price is right: free for up to 5 GB of data.
5. Use a strong password
A strong password is one that is complex, with a mix of letters, numbers, and symbols. While some people use the same password for everything, try to avoid that practice. The three most common passwords are password, 123456, and 12345678. Avoid using the same user name/password combination for multiple online site logins. When creating a password, use eight characters or more and, to make them easier to remember, try using short phrases separated by spaces or underscore marks – such as “car_park_city?”.
6. Use a firewall
Just because you have antivirus software running doesn’t mean you have a firewall. Both PCs and Macs come with built-in firewall software. Be sure to check that it’s enabled.
7. Minimize downloads
Make sure your Web browser’s security settings are high enough to detect unauthorized downloads. For Internet Explorer, the medium security setting is the minimum level to use.
8. Use a pop-up blocker
Web browsers have the ability to stop pop-up windows and allow you to set the security for accepting pop-ups. We recommend you never clicking on links within pop-up screens. Even the most vigilant of computer users still run the risk of picking up malware. You should suspect a computer virus if your machine slows down, crashes, or repeats error messages. Other clues include the computer failing to promptly shut down or restart, new toolbars you didn’t install, a changing home page, or a laptop battery draining faster than it should. If you suspect your computer is infected, make sure your security software is updated, then scan the computer. If that doesn’t solve the problem, try typing a question into your favorite search engine to uncover forums where others might describe fighting and winning similar battles. These days protecting yourself from viruses and lost data is much easier than it used to be and doesn’t have to cost a dime. Take a few minutes today to make sure you’re protected. You’ll be glad you did
 
Useful Programs for Protecting Your Computer.
AVG ANTIVIRUS - Free For Home Users
If you want free antivirus software that can give you peace of mind, then AVG AntiVirus Free is your ideal solution. The program will protect your computer against viruses and other malicious applications by doing more than scanning your system. And best of all its free for home users.
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MALWAREBYTES - Free For Home Users
Detects and removes malware in real-time with advanced anti-malware, anti-spyware, and anti-rootkit technology. Scans for the newest and most dangerous threats automatically, so you’re protected without having to even think about it. This is a powerful, complete defense that blocks ransomware, and not a simple decryption tool.
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SPYBOT - Search and Destroy
Spybot - Search & Destroy is released as freeware for personal users with more featureful versions available for purchase. Spybot detects and removes spyware, a relatively new kind of threat not yet covered by common anti-virus applications. Spyware silently tracks your surfing behaviour to create a marketing profile for you that is transmitted without your knowledge.
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MAILWASHER - Stop spam, scams and junk before they get to your computer!
MailWasher is the safe way to stop unwanted e-mails before they get to your computer. Itis so easy to set up and use that you’ll be managing your email like a pro in seconds. MailWasher is free to use and won’t ever expire. It works with Outlook, Outlook Express, Incredimail, Thunderbird, Windows Live Mail, GMail, Hotmail, Yahoo, EM Client and every other email program.
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BadKiwi.co.nz - The Kiwi Guide to Computers.